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You are here: Home Our Work Our activities Social Geography- Change and Development in India

Social Geography activities- Change and development in India:


Please see a description below of some of the activities and excursions that we regularly undertake with groups of visitors to our centre- Listed here are the activities which are particularly exploring the changing social geography of our area:

Hessaraghatta, a changing rural settlement

Sangam is on the edge of the nearby small town of village of Hessaraghatta. It is a rural settlement which is rapidly changing because of its proximity to the city. It is therefore makes for an interesting and realistic informal study of changing settlements in contemporary south India. During this activity we firstly provide you with case study of information about Hessaraghatta and our village of Silvepura. Then there is a rural fieldwork activity which is a suggested process of studying a village by gathering information using geographical enquiry, questioning and observation which could be repeated in another village in your own locality to provide an interesting comparative study.  This activity can become a big focus for the visit, and people often return to explore the village many times over, to become more a part of the place, and to understand it better. The more you focus on this activity the more authentic your understanding will be.

Silvepura and Hessaragahtta in Pictures.

Bangalore, a developing urban settlement

Bangalore is a rapidly developing city of just over 10 million. It is the fifth largest city in India. It was initially developed as a military base and now is the location for many technological and electronic companies. As the city expands it is attempting to cope with the related need for development of infrastructure, which is lagging behind its population expansion. This activity begins with an introduction to the City, and you will be provided with a case study of information about Bangalore. We then set off on an urban fieldwork activity which is an informal transect, which will take you from the outer city limits to the city centre. The transect passes through different areas of Bangalore in order to show examples of social and economic divisions, modern day changes and the infrastructural challenges that are present in all developing cities. At each point on the transect we will explore, observe and gather information using the geographical enquiry process. The day in Bangalore will be hectic and will require strong nerves as you negotiate your way through its traffic to explore the more ‘confused’ parts of the city!

LINKS TO THE KS1- A LEVEL GEOGRAPHY CURRICULUM: We are often asked to develop and extend this focus on developing urban settlements into a much longer urban settlement study, which involves examining the multiplicity of Bangalore through enquiry transects to witness economic development sectors, industrial zones, the old markets and business centres. During these days we meet with agriculturalists and developers, interview people in the service sector and meet with researchers in human development in order to gain an authentic understanding of the extraordinary growth of this emerging mega city, its particular challenges, development issues and opportunities. Secondary geographers can have an opportunity to develop a case study of a major city in a LIC and NEE, with a particular focus on the rise of the service sector, development of India’s silicon valley and TNC’s in call centres.

Primary geographers can develop rural and urban contrasting locality studies; looking at development and change, similarities and differences and cross curricular themes for teaching about India’s cultural context with a focus on enquiry in geography.

Such a study of the human Geography of South India can include: An onward journey to the temple town of Hampi, across to the semitropical forests of the western Ghat mountains and down to the coastal region of Goa where we can look at ecotourism and its role in reducing the development gap, sustainable management of resources, forest ecosystems, and issues relating to forest characteristics and biodiversity.

Bangalore in Pictures.

Water, a shrinking environmental resource

Water is an issue which in our current global climate is possibly the most fundamental resource. It is particularly interesting for the Bangalore area which is land-locked and the nearest river is 140 km away. This activity involves: A walk or a cycle ride and a discussion using images during which we will look at the issue of water from a rural context, in its traditional and religious importance, the effects of changing lifestyles and land use in the context of the modern day challenge of a rapidly expanding city like Bangalore. If water and agriculture are both priorities it is likely that we will combine these activities into a full day in order to look into detail at these overlapping subjects.

Water in Pictures.

Land use  change and development

This begins with a presentation about land use change and development in the Silvepura area. Then continues with a cycle ride or a walk which looks at the issues that have been discussed during the first session, to gain a wider perspective of the transformation that is happening in our area. This activity has a planned route but often evolves in different directions depending on the interests of the group and what we see on the journey.

Agriculture and occupation.

This activity will involve a simple introduction to the crops in our locality and the harvesting cycle through the seasons- and also the range of other occupations which are found in a rural context. It will then involve a cycle ride or a drive around the locality looking at what is grown in the fields around silvepura. During the journey you can visit a series of farms and rural settlements to observe a range of occupations and the crops that are grown The route and the things you will see will change a great deal depending on the time of year that you are visiting and the cycle of the seasons.

The ragi crop in pictures

Sustainable development in India?

This is a chance for the group to focus on what sustainable development is, where it occurs traditionally and in modern changing India. In what ways is Indian society encouraging and enabling this as the country develops.

Questions about contemporary India

What is modern India? How has its past formed it, and where is it going? This is a huge and rather undefined subject, however we are very aware of how often people have many questions in relation to understanding India’s current situation, and so this is a chance to address some of these issues and to suggest some answers. This activity is a dialogue rather than a talk or presentation, and we ask that people examine their own interests and compile a set of questions about India’s current situation which they wish to think about and talk about. The subject of this session will therefore be defined by the interests that the group has, and the direction that the conversation takes.

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